56 Loose Photographs of Named Shipping on The River Mersey between the 1930-1950s.
The Port of Liverpool served at one time more than 20,000 ships per year; Liverpool also became one of the United Kingdom's chief centres of shipbuilding activities, and provided the base for shipping giants such as the White Star Lines, who sailed the Titanic.
However, this particular business association is said to have started because Stanford wanted to settle a bet around whether all four of a horse's hooves left the ground at speed; something Muybridge's single shot motion photographs of 'Occident' - one of Stanford's trotters - proved correct.
Muybridge and Stanford were close acquaintances at the beginning of this partnership.
But few still know that each photograph was individually coloured by hand,” explain directors Greg Wood and Peter Alsop.
“83-year-old Grace Rawson provides a new perspective on the work when she picks up the cotton wool one more time to showcase the wonderful aesthetic of a lost art.” The short doc is a nostalgic homage to this beautiful combination of two forms of art.
Revisit the age of hand-tinted photography through the eyes of 83-year-old Grace Rawson, a professional colorist from the 1950s.
Credit: By courtesy of Deutsche Kinemathek, Berlin. View Gallery Page “In Gaston Velle’s simple but spectacular hand-colored trick film Métamorphoses du Papillon (A Butterfly’s Metamorphosis, Pathé, 1904), a yellow caterpillar crawls along a green branch and leaf set against a black background. Artists were engaged for the task; they used a magnifying glass, but progress was provokingly slow as well as exacting and expensive, the treatment of a film with i t s 640 successive images–for the Kinetoscope–occupying considerable time.
Any water based translucent dye was suited for the process, most often the colors were acid dyes. Therefore it was mostly abandoned when stencil coloring was introduced. (in German) Mazzanti, Nicola (2009): Colours, audiences, and (dis)continuity in the ‘cinema of the second period’ In: Film History. The colours in this film have been compared to those of medieval miniatures, not only because of the minute detail and the clever articulation of delicately hued patterns within a tiny surface, but also because of their effect in locating the story in a realm of mythic atmosphere, deliberately alien to any historical context (although derived from the visual codes of late nineteenth-century books of fables), and by their capacity to enhance the beauty of the settings and the depth of the trompe-l’oeil perspective.
In contrast to stencilled films, hand-colored ones often have soft outlines and the application of color varies from frame to frame. In order to reduce the very high costs involved in hand-colouring a film, standardise the product – for obvious reasons, manual application of colour resulted in noticeable differences from copy to copy, affirming the uniqueness of each – and satisfy a growing market demand, systems were devised for mechanical colouring after 1905.” (Cherchi Usai, Paolo (2000): Silent Cinema. 21-22.) “Attempts at achieving full-color reproduction date back to the very beginning of the film industry. Boyce’s contribution has yet to surface, it is known that as early as 1895 The Edison Kinetoscope Company enhanced their famous film, Annabelle’s Dance, by laboriously hand-coloring the black-and-white image frame by frame.
For his Scenic series, White travelled all over New Zealand capturing the country’s stunning landscapes; but it was his colorists back in Auckland who breathed life into these black and white images later using paint and a skilled eye.
“The hand-tinted photographic landscapes of Whites Aviation have become celebrated icons of New Zealand’s mid-century culture.