Dedicated at the University of Chicago on October 10, 2016.
In the following section we are going to go more in-depth about carbon dating in order to help you get a better understanding of how it works.
It cannot be applied to inorganic material such as stone tools or ceramic pottery.
The technique is based on measuring the ratio of two isotopes of carbon.
The theory behind radiocarbon dating is as follows: Why doesn't the carbon-14 in the air decay along with terrestrial carbon? The trick is that radioactive carbon-14 is continually replenished in a complex reaction that involves high-energy cosmic rays striking the upper atmosphere.
In this process, nitrogen-14 (7 protons and 7 neutrons) gains a neutron and loses a proton, producing carbon-14 (6 protons and 8 neutrons).