This article will review the discovery, development, and operation of the mine, which is situated in a remote subarctic setting in the Northwest Territories.
Four kimberlite pipes occur in close proximity—three are being exploited, while the fourth will be brought into production in 2018.
Additional complications come from the burning of fossil fuels such as coal and oil, and from the above-ground nuclear tests done in the 1950s and 1960s.
The variety of applications exceeds that of inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy and includes isotopic speciation.
An inductively coupled plasma is a plasma that is energized (ionized) by inductively heating the gas with an electromagnetic coil, and contains a sufficient concentration of ions and electrons to make the gas electrically conductive.
The discovery of kimberlite pipes there in the early 1990s led to the development of several major mines.
Diamond-bearing kimberlite deposits that can be mined economically are noteworthy, since only about 50 such occurrences have been found worldwide since the 1870s, mainly in Australia, Angola, Canada, Russia, and South Africa (Janse, 2007).