After independence, there was conflict between plantation and industrial economic interests and those of small, peasant cultivators and landless laborers.
In the 1920s, rural, landless unemployed persons moved into the Kingston-Saint Andrew area in search of work.
The new urban poor, in contrast to the white and brown-skinned political, merchant, and professional upper classes threw in sharp relief the status of the island as a plural society.
In 1944, with the granting of a new constitution, Jamaicans gained universal suffrage.
(Trump appears likely to lose the popular vote, which would make him only the fifth elected president to do so and still win office.) White non-Hispanic voters preferred Trump over Clinton by 21 percentage points (58% to 37%), according to the exit poll conducted by Edison Research for the National Election Pool.It may also be reflected in an upbeat set of black views on a range of other matters, including race relations, local community satisfaction and expectations for future black progress. 30, 2009 among a nationally representative sample of 2,884 adults, including 812 blacks. In some topic areas, the survey finds little change in black opinions.In each of these realms, the perceptions of blacks have changed for the better over the past two years, despite a deep recession and jobless recovery that have hit blacks especially hard. For example, four decades after the turmoil, triumphs and tragedies of the Civil Rights era, most blacks still doubt the basic racial fairness of American society.This is about the same as the Democratic advantage among women in 2012 (55% Obama vs. The advantage for Trump among men is larger than the 7-point advantage Romney had in 2012 and much different than in 2008, when men preferred Obama over Mc Cain by a single point.Trump’s performance among men is similar to that of George W.